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过电流继电器

2014/9/22 9:33:55点击:

过电流继电器分为感应电磁式和集成电路型,具有定时限、反时限的特性,应用于电机、变压器等主设备以及输配电系统的继电保护回路中。当主设备或输配电系统出现过负荷及短路故障时,该继电器能按预定的时限可靠动作或发出信号,切除故障部分,保证主设备及输配电系统的安全。

电磁式过流继电器的工作原理是复合式的,由公用一个线圈的感应式和电磁式的两个元件组成。当继电器的线圈通以交流电流时,则在铁芯的遮蔽与未遮蔽部分产生两个具有一定相位差的磁通。此磁通与其在圆盘中感应的涡流相互作用,在圆盘上产生一转矩。在20%~40%的动作电流整定值下,圆盘开始旋转。此时由于扇齿与蜗杆没有咬合,故继电器不动作。
当线圈中的电流增大至整定电流时,电磁力矩大于弹簧的反作用力矩框架转动,使扇齿与蜗杆咬合,扇齿上升。此时继电器的动铁在扇齿顶杆的推动下,使导磁铁右边气隙减少,左边气隙增大,因而动铁被导磁铁吸合,使继电器触点动作。
当继电器线圈中的电流为整定值时,感应元件的动作时限与电流的平方成反比。随着电流的增加,导磁体饱和,动作时限逐渐趋于定值。当线圈中的电流大到某一电流倍数时,电磁元件瞬时动作,因而继电器的动作时限具有有限反延时的特性。
继电器具有若干抽头,用以调整感应元件与电磁元件的动作电流。另外用倍流螺钉改变动铁与电磁铁之间的气隙来调整电磁元件动作电流。继电器具有调整感应元件动作时间整定值的机构及主触点动作的信号牌。用手旋转返回机构,可使信号牌返回,并不需取下外壳。

技术参数

1.继电器的额定电流与整定范围。
2.继电器线圈的长期允许电流为110%额定电流。
3.继电器的返回系数,对于GL-11、12、21、22型应不小于0.85,对于GL-13、14、15、16、17、23、
24、25、26型应不小于0.8。
5.当电流为继电器的整定电流时,继电器的功率消耗不大于15VA。

触点性能

a.动合主触点性能
动合主触点在电压不大于250V时,能接通直流或交流5A,但是断开它所接通的电路,应当由其它触点担任(例如油开关的辅助触点)。
b.动断主触点性能
直流有感(τ=5ms)回路,U≤250V,I≤0.5A,为50W;交流(cosФ=0.4)回路;U≤250V,I≤2A,为250VA。
如果被控电路系由变流器供电并与继电器主触点并联,且当电流为4A时,其总阻抗不大于4Ω,则继电器的主触点在电流不大于50A情况下能够将这个电路分流接通与分流断开。
c.过渡转换主触点性能
继电器的过渡转换主触点控制电路由变流器供电,且其阻抗值在电流为3.5A时不大于4.5Ω,当电流增至150A时,继电器主触点能够将这个电路分流接通与分流断开。
d.信号触点性能
继电器的动合信号触点,在电压不大于250V时能接通或断开电流不大于0.2A的直流无感电路或电流不大于0.5A交流电路。